Definition of the Union of the Divine and Human Natures in the Person of Christ

Council of Chalcedon, 451 A.D., Act V

Therefore, following the holy fathers, we all with one accord teach men to acknowledge one and the same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, at once complete in Godhead and complete in manhood, truly God and truly man, consisting also of a reasonable soul and body, of one substance (homoousios) with the Father as regards his Godhead, and at the same time of one substance with us as regards his manhood; like us in all respects, apart from sin; as regards his Godhead, begotten of the Father before the ages, but yet as regards his manhood begotten, for us men and for our salvation, of Mary the Virgin, the God-bearer (Theotokos); one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, Only-begotten, recognized in two natures, without confusion, without change, without division, without separation; the distinction of natures being in no way annulled by the union, but rather the characteristics of each nature being preserved and coming together to form one person and subsistence, not as parted or separated into two persons, but one and the same Son and Only-begotten God the Word, Lord Jesus Christ; even as the prophets from earliest times spoke of him, and our Lord Jesus Christ himself taught us, and the creed of the Fathers has handed down to us.

3 thoughts on “Definition of the Union of the Divine and Human Natures in the Person of Christ

  1. I find it interesting and sad that this creed does not mention Christ as ‘the firstborn among the brethren.’ We learn this marvelous truth after his resurrection, which is our central hope as believers. As Paul says, we are to be pitied more than any if the resurrection is not real. Therefore, isn’t Christ in his most glorious after his resurrection? Christ fulfilled once and for all his mission—for us—that we are now part of the new man. As is said in Colossians, our life is hid in Christ. Unfortunately the highness of his goodness and our position in Christ is very seldom spoken in the church, to the church.

    I and my wife may visit with you tomorrow morning. We are in Christ, but are not ‘Anglicans.’ I hope our greater union, not our weaker division, will prevail and be honored.

    1. Hi Justin,

      Thanks for the comment. Briefly, I would say that this isn’t intended to be a full Creed, but to be a specific definition about the nature of the unity between Christ’s divine and human natures. The Nicene Creed, Apostles Creed, and, of somewhat lesser status, the Athanasian Creed, while not specifically using the terminology of Christ as “firstborn among the brethren,” all address the importance of his death and resurrection, and the fact that our hope centers on it. I hope we have a chance to talk about this more in the future.

      God bless,

      1. Thanks for your response Jody—I look forward to talking with you more in the future. I find talking truth with another brother is truly worshiping the Lord and feasting upon the sacred bread. I was glad to hear a study was going on regarding Lewis’ Four Loves. I’m a fan of Lewis and his mentor George MacDonald. His Unwritten Sermons are a treasure. Also really enjoy Sayers’ The Mind of the Maker. Anyway, feel free to contact me at your convenience. The Lord be with you.

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